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1. Introduction: Input versus Output. A general overview In order to assess how compatible Krashen's and Swain's views are, it is essential to first outline the basics of each view, that is, the main tenets of their hypotheses. As part of his Monitor Model, Krashen (1981,1982, 1985) formulated the Input Hypothesis, which claims that language input (listening and reading comprehension) constitutes the main communicative process through which we acquire a second language
Storyboarding for English As a Second Language classes One of the important goals for any ESL class, and one that tends to get lost in the shuffle of grammar, writing and vocabulary lessons, is simple language production. One great way to get students to produce language is by the use of storyboards. Storyboarding started in the movie industry with the creation of cartoons which later developed into moving pictures. Storyboards are used all the time now to set up actio
When we learn a second language, one of the first things we must get used to is the syntax - that is, the rules that govern the sentence structure - of that language. As we think or speak in our own language, we put the words in a certain order, depending on the thought expressed, and the words we use to express it.
Bilingual education has become very popular lately, with perhaps the most compelling reason for bilingual education being the concept of equality of education in our country. How is it possible for someone to obtain a great education when he or she doesn't fully understand the language the lessons are being taught in? Isn't that student going to become a second-class citizen?
English teachers should cultivate student curiosity and nudge them to become autotelic - or self-directed. The author, an English professor in Los Angeles, suggests a few simple techniques that gently push students to take more responsibility for their own development as English language learners.
Many ESL teachers may not be familiar with the idea of circle time. It is a part of lesson, usually the first thing that you do, where the concepts are repeated on a daily (or weekly) basis. It's generally used in preschool or early elementary school classes, but it can be quite effective for use in the ESL classroom.